Haiti: Grupo M and CODEVI II-01/Zone Franche de Ouanaminthe

Date Filed
12 Mar 2020
Status
Open
Phase
Dispute Resolution (DR), Compliance
Country
Haiti

Case Tracker

Eligibility
Eligibility
Assessment
Assessment
Dispute Resolution
Mediation
Compliance
Appraisal
Status as of October 19, 2023
CURRENT Status
Appraisal (COMPLIANCE)
Status as of October 19, 2023

Complaint Overview

Complainant

Farmers from the Ouanaminthe Special Economic Zone.

Concerns

Economic dislocation, loss of livelihood, waste management.

Cross-Cutting Issues
Risk Management Land Resettlement Land Social Order / Conflict Unfulfilled Commitments Loss of Livelihoods Access to Information Policy

Project Information

Region
Latin America & the Caribbean
Institution
IFC
Name & Number
Grupo M and CODEVI II 34687
Company
Grupo M SA
Sector
Manufacturing
Department
Manufacturing, Agribusiness & Services
Category
B
Commitment

US $20 million A Loan and Internal cash generation

Synopsis

Project Overview

IFC has an active project in Haiti with Grupo M and its fully owned subsidiary CODEVI, one of the largest garment manufacturing operations in the Central America and Caribbean region. The project supports CODEVI in an expansion program that consists of the construction of a new facility for the assembly of woven garments and the acquisition of specialized machinery for dry garment assembly and processing operations. The project will be undertaken in two new buildings to be constructed on land already owned by Grupo M at CODEVI.

Complaint

The complaint was submitted to CAO by a local individual on behalf of 174 farmers’ households in the Special Economic Zone of Ouanaminthe. The complaint raises concerns regarding the economic displacement of the complainants due to CODEVI’s construction of their facilities in the Special Economic Zone in 2002. According to the complaint, despite commitments made in a ‘social compensation plan’, they have yet to receive their replacement land and did not obtain adequate compensation for their crops. The complaint also alleges improper waste disposal by CODEVI, leading to pollution.

CAO Action

CAO found the complaint eligible in April 2020 and initiated an assessment of the complaint. During the assessment, the complainants and the company agreed to engage in a voluntary dialogue process to try to resolve the dispute. CAO released its assessment report documenting this outcome in January 2021.

During 2021, CAO engaged the parties in several online activities, including technical training for the complainants, capacity-building sessions to clarify questions related to the dispute resolution process, and the use of technology in the process. The parties initiated a discussion about the ground rules to guide their engagement, which were first discussed separately and online in early 2022. 

Once COVID-19 travel restrictions and security measures were lifted in April 2022, CAO met with the parties in person in May 2022 and facilitated bilateral and joint meetings. During those meetings, the parties continued their conversation regarding the content of the ground rules document but were unable to reach agreement on that matter. CAO continued to work with the parties virtually to discuss the areas of disagreement between June 2022 and April 2023.

In May 2023, despite the parties' efforts to resolve the issues raised in the complaint, the parties could not reach an agreement. Accordingly, the case has been transferred to CAO’s Compliance function at the request of the complainants and in accordance with CAO’s Policy. CAO will conduct a compliance appraisal to determine whether an investigation of IFC’s environmental and social performance is merited in relation to the issues raised in the complaint or whether to close the case.

The conclusion report is now available in English and Haitian Creole under the “Case Documents” section below this page.

Status

The dispute resolution process concluded with no agreement. The case has been transferred to Compliance.

Status as of October 19, 2023

Case Documents

  • Complaint
    Haiti / Grupo M and CODEVI II-01
    Mar 12, 2020
    English
    Haiti / Grupo M and CODEVI II-01
    Assessment Report(s)
    CAO Assessment Report - Haiti
    Dec 01, 2020
    English
    CAO Assessment Report - Haiti
    CAO Assessment Report - Haiti
    Dec 01, 2020
    Creole
    CAO Assessment Report - Haiti
    IFC Formal Response
    Dec 01, 2020
    English
    IFC Formal Response
  • Dispute Resolution

    Conclusion Report
    CAO Dispute Resolution Conclusion Report - Haiti: Grupo M and CODEVI II-01/Zone Franche de Ouanaminthe
    Oct 19, 2023
    English
    CAO Dispute Resolution Conclusion Report - Haiti: Grupo M and CODEVI II-01/Zone Franche de Ouanaminthe
    CAO Dispute Resolution Conclusion Report - Haiti: Grupo M and CODEVI II-01/Zone Franche de Ouanaminthe
    Oct 19, 2023
    Creole
    CAO Dispute Resolution Conclusion Report - Haiti: Grupo M and CODEVI II-01/Zone Franche de Ouanaminthe
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